Package 'cartographer'

Title: Turn Place Names into Map Data
Description: A tool for easily matching spatial data when you have a list of place/region names. You might have a data frame that came from a spreadsheet tracking some data by suburb or state. This package can convert it into a spatial data frame ready for plotting. The actual map data is provided by other packages (or your own code).
Authors: Carl Suster [aut, cre] , Western Sydney Local Health District, NSW Health [cph]
Maintainer: Carl Suster <Carl.Suster@health.nsw.gov.au>
License: MIT + file LICENSE
Version: 0.2.0.9000
Built: 2023-12-01 06:40:57 UTC
Source: https://github.com/cidm-ph/cartographer

Help Index


Turn Place Names into Map Data

Description

Cartographer is a framework for easily matching spatial data when you have a list of standardised place names. You might have a data frame that came from a spreadsheet tracking some data by suburb or state. This package can convert it into a spatial data frame ready for plotting. The actual map data is provided by other packages (or your own code) that register the data with cartographer.

Author(s)

Maintainer: Carl Suster Carl.Suster@health.nsw.gov.au (ORCID)

Other contributors:

See Also

Useful links:


Convert input data frame into a spatial data frame

Description

Convert input data frame into a spatial data frame

Usage

add_geometry(x, location, feature_type = NA, geom_name = "geometry")

Arguments

x

Data frame with a feature name column.

location

Feature names (tidy evaluation).

feature_type

The registered map corresponding to values in location. If NA (the default), the type is guessed from the values in location.

geom_name

Name for the new column to contain the geometry.

Value

A spatial data frame containing all of the columns from the input data frame.

Examples

add_geometry(nc_type_example_2, county)

List known feature names

Description

This gives the list of feature names that are part of the specified map data. The list includes any aliases defined when the map was registered. Note that the location column matching is case insensitive (see Details below).

Usage

feature_names(feature_type)

Arguments

feature_type

Type of map feature. See feature_types() for a list of registered types.

Value

Character vector of feature names.

See Also

register_map() and resolve_feature_names()

Examples

head(feature_names("sf.nc"))

List known feature types

Description

Each feature type corresponds to map data that has been registered.

Usage

feature_types()

Value

Character vector of registered feature types.

See Also

register_map()

Examples

feature_types()

Retrieve a map outline registered with cartographer.

Description

Retrieve a map outline registered with cartographer.

Usage

map_outline(feature_type)

Arguments

feature_type

Type of map feature. See feature_types() for a list of registered types.

Value

The map outline that was registered under feature_type. Note that the outline is optional, so this will return NULL if none was registered.

Examples

map_outline("sf.nc")

Retrieve map data registered with cartographer.

Description

Retrieve map data registered with cartographer.

Usage

map_sf(feature_type)

Arguments

feature_type

Type of map feature. See feature_types() for a list of registered types.

Value

The spatial data frame that was registered under feature_type.

Examples

map_sf("sf.nc")

Retrieve geometry of a single location.

Description

Retrieve geometry of a single location.

Usage

map_sfc(feature_names, feature_type)

Arguments

feature_names

Name of the feature(s) to retrieve. This must be an exact case-sensitive match, and aliases are not consulted.

feature_type

Type of map feature. See feature_types() for a list of registered types.

Value

The geometry as a sfc object.

Examples

map_sfc("Ashe", "sf.nc")
map_sfc(c("Craven", "Buncombe"), "sf.nc")

Example datasets with a feature name column and random data

Description

This dataset contains random data compatible with the sf.nc example map data for illustrating cartographer's features. nc_type_example_1 contains a deliberate error in the county name for a single row, whereas nc_type_example_2 contains correct data.

Usage

nc_type_example_1

nc_type_example_2

Format

Objects of class data.frame with 50 and 200 rows respectively, and 2 columns:

county

Feature names that match the NAME field of the nc dataset

type

Arbitrary categorical data


Register a new feature type

Description

This adds a new feature type that can then be used by all the geoms in this package. If registering from another package, this should occur in the .onLoad() hook in the package.

Usage

register_map(
  feature_type,
  data,
  feature_column,
  aliases = NULL,
  outline = NULL,
  lazy = TRUE
)

Arguments

feature_type

Name of the type. If registering from within a package, the suggested format is "<package name>.<map name>" to avoid clashes between packages.

data

A simple feature data frame with the map data, or a function that returns a data frame. When lazy is TRUE, the value will not be evaluated until the data is first accessed.

feature_column

Name of the column of data that contains the feature names.

aliases

Optional named character vector or list that maps aliases to values that appear in the feature column. This allows abbreviations or alternative names to be supported.

outline

Optional sf geometry containing just the outline of the map, or a function returning such a geometry. When lazy is TRUE, the value will not be evaluated until the data is first accessed.

lazy

When TRUE, defer evaluation of data and outline until it is used.

Details

Registration supports delayed evaluation (lazy loading). This is particularly useful for larger datasets, so that they are not loaded into memory until they are accessed.

Value

No return value; this updates the global feature registry.

See Also

vignette("registering_maps")

Examples

# register a map of the states of Italy from rnaturalearth using the
# Italian names, and providing an outline of the country
register_map(
  "italy",
  data = rnaturalearth::ne_states(country = "italy", returnclass = "sf"),
  feature_column = "name_it",
  outline = rnaturalearth::ne_countries(country = "italy", returnclass = "sf", scale = "large")
)

Canonicalise feature names accounting for aliases and character case

Description

Names are resolved by checking for the first match using:

  1. case sensitive match, then

  2. case sensitive match using aliases, then

  3. case insensitive match, then

  4. case insensitive match using aliases.

Usage

resolve_feature_names(feature_names, feature_type, unmatched = "error")

Arguments

feature_names

Character vector of feature names in the data.

feature_type

Type of map feature. See feature_types() for a list of registered types.

unmatched

Controls behaviour when feature_names contains values that do not match registered feature names. Possible values are "error" to throw an error or "pass" to return the original values unaltered.

Value

Character vector of the canonicalised names.

Examples

resolve_feature_names(c("LEE", "ansoN"), feature_type = "sf.nc")
resolve_feature_names(c("LEE", "ansoNe"), feature_type = "sf.nc", unmatched = "pass")

Guess the feature type if it was missing

Description

If feature_type is provided, this simply checks that the type has been registered. If it is NA, however, an attempt it made to guess the appropriate choice. This is done by comparing the example values provided as feature_names with the names of all registered map datasets. If there is an unambiguous match, that will be filled in.

Usage

resolve_feature_type(feature_type, feature_names)

Arguments

feature_type

Type of map feature. See feature_types() for a list of registered types. If NA, the type is guessed based on the values in feature_names.

feature_names

Character vector of feature names in the data. This can be a subset of the values.

Details

Note that this requires that any lazily-loaded datasets are loaded, so there is a penalty to pay for the convenience.

Value

The resolved feature type as a scalar character.

Examples

resolve_feature_type("sf.nc")
resolve_feature_type(NA, feature_names = c("ANSON", "Stanly"))